| Situated at the mouth
of the Black River, where it
flows into the sea, the town played an important role in the slave
sugar and logwood industry throughout the seventeenth, eighteenth and
was a thriving town, second only to Kingston, where local farmers
transported their sugar, logwood that was used to make
dyes, and pimento to for trade or export.
West African slaves
were auctioned at Farquharson Wharf. Today, there are only a few
surviving wharves that were used to auction slaves.
a major sea
port, it became a major commercial center on the south coast of
Jamaica. It's wealth contributed to it being the first town in Jamaica
to be lit by electricty in 1893. It was also the first town to have
cars in 1903 and telephone 10 years after it was invented.
House, originally owned by the Shakespeare family, was the first
residence in Jamaica to
John Leyden, a Scotsman, who
subsequently owned it,
brought the first car and the first electricity generator to Black
River and Jamaica.
Black River Historic
district was designated a Protected National
Heritage on April 8, 1999. These properties include the Magdala House,
the Invercauld Guest House, St. Elizabeth Parish Library, the Black
River Court House, the Public Works Office, the Parish Council Office,
the Health Centre, the St. Theresa Catholic Church, the Black River
Post Office the St. Elizabeth Parish Church, the Bank of Nova Scotia,
the Revenue Office, the Black River Safari, and all the buildings and
warehouses situated along the coastal side of High Street and those
situated between the eastern banks of the Black River and Crane Road.